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ubuntu 20.04上搭建LNMP环境的方法步骤

2020-07-31 00:39好好开车 Ubuntu

这篇文章主要介绍了ubuntu 20.04上搭建LNMP环境的方法步骤,文中通过示例代码介绍的非常详细,对大家的学习或者工作具有一定的参考学习价值,需要的朋友们下面随着小编来一起学习学习吧

简单说明

由于之前是用Centos7搭建的,后来使用ubuntu 20.04的系统做为个人开发环境,所以想在ubuntu上也搭建一下环境,和Centos有一些小区别所以记录一下仅供学习。

安装前准备

下载软件:
php:7.3.18
nginx:1.18.0
mariadb:10.5.4

解压文件:

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tar zxf php-7.3.18.tar.gz
tar zxf mariadb-10.5.4.tar.gz
tar zxf nginx-1.18.0.tar.gz

ubuntu 20.04上搭建LNMP环境的方法步骤

安装Nginx

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sudo groupadd -r nginx && sudo useradd -r -g nginx -s /sbin/nologin -d /usr/local/nginx nginx
sudo apt install -y libpcre3-dev zlib1g-dev
cd /home/allen/下载/nginx-1.18.0
./configure --user=nginx --group=nginx
make -j 4 && sudo make install
sudo /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -t
#nginx: the configuration file /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf syntax is ok
#nginx: configuration file /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf test is successful
sudo mv /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf.back
sudo vim /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
 
user nginx;
worker_processes 4;
events {
  worker_connections 1024;
}
http {
  include    mime.types;
  default_type application/octet-stream;
  sendfile   on;
  keepalive_timeout 65;
  log_format main '$remote_addr || $remote_user || $time_local || $request || $status || $body_bytes_sent || $http_referer || $http_user_agent || $http_x_forwarded_for';
  include /data/www/*/*.conf;
}
 
sudo chown -R nginx:nginx /usr/local/nginx
 
sudo vim /lib/systemd/system/nginx.service
 
[Unit]
Description=nginx
After=network.target
 
[Service]
Type=forking
ExecStart=/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx
ExecReload=/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -s reload
ExecStop=/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -s quit
PrivateTmp=true
 
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
 
 
sudo systemctl enable nginx
 
#Created symlink /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/nginx.service → /lib/systemd/system/nginx.service.
 
reboot

重启后看看有没有启动成功

ubuntu 20.04上搭建LNMP环境的方法步骤

安装Mariadb

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sudo rm -rf /etc/mysql
sudo apt remove -y mysql-common
sudo apt autoremove -y
sudo apt install -y cmake libncurses5-dev libgnutls28-dev
sudo groupadd -r mysql && sudo useradd -r -g mysql -s /sbin/nologin -d /usr/local/mariadb mysql
sudo mkdir -p /data/db /var/log/mariadb
cd /home/allen/下载/mariadb-10.5.4/
cmake . -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mariadb -DMYSQL_DATADIR=/data/db -DSYSCONFDIR=/etc -DWITHOUT_TOKUDB=1 -DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/tmp/mysql.sock -DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8mb4 -DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8mb4_general_ci
make -j 4 && sudo make install
sudo /usr/local/mariadb/scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql --datadir=/data/db
sudo vim /etc/my.cnf
 
[mysqld]
datadir = /data/db
socket = /tmp/mysql.sock
# 建议禁用符号链接,防止各类安全风险
symbolic-links = 0
collation-server = utf8mb4_general_ci
init-connect = 'SET NAMES utf8mb4'
character-set-server = utf8mb4
 
[mysql]
default-character-set = utf8mb4
 
[client]
port = 3306
socket = /tmp/mysql.sock
default-character-set = utf8mb4
 
[mysqld_safe]
log-error = /var/log/mariadb/mariadb.log
pid-file = /var/run/mariadb/mariadb.pid
 
sudo cp /usr/local/mariadb/support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mariadb
 
sudo vim /etc/profile.d/mariadb.sh
export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/mariadb/bin/
 
sudo chmod 0777 /etc/profile.d/mariadb.sh
source /etc/profile.d/mariadb.sh
 
sudo /etc/init.d/mariadb start
#Starting mariadb (via systemctl): mariadb.service.
 
sudo /usr/local/mariadb/bin/mysql_secure_installation   
 
#NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MariaDB
#   SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE! PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY!
 
#In order to log into MariaDB to secure it, we'll need the current
#password for the root user. If you've just installed MariaDB, and
#haven't set the root password yet, you should just press enter here.
 
#Enter current password for root (enter for none):
#OK, successfully used password, moving on...
 
#Setting the root password or using the unix_socket ensures that nobody
#can log into the MariaDB root user without the proper authorisation.
 
#You already have your root account protected, so you can safely answer 'n'.
 
#Switch to unix_socket authentication [Y/n] y
#Enabled successfully!
#Reloading privilege tables..
# ... Success!
 
 
#You already have your root account protected, so you can safely answer 'n'.
 
#Change the root password? [Y/n] y
#New password:
#Re-enter new password:
#Password updated successfully!
#Reloading privilege tables..
# ... Success!
 
 
#By default, a MariaDB installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone
#to log into MariaDB without having to have a user account created for
#them. This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation
#go a bit smoother. You should remove them before moving into a
#production environment.
 
#Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y
# ... Success!
 
#Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'. This
#ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.
 
#Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] n
# ... skipping.
 
#By default, MariaDB comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can
#access. This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed
#before moving into a production environment.
 
#Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y
# - Dropping test database...
# ... Success!
# - Removing privileges on test database...
# ... Success!
 
#Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far
#will take effect immediately.
 
#Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y
# ... Success!
 
#Cleaning up...
 
#All done! If you've completed all of the above steps, your MariaDB
#installation should now be secure.
 
#Thanks for using MariaDB!
 
sudo systemctl enable mariadb
 
sudo chown mysql:mysql -R /usr/local/mariadb /data/db /var/log/mariadb
 
reboot

重启后看看有没有启动成功

ubuntu 20.04上搭建LNMP环境的方法步骤

安装PHP

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sudo apt install -y libxml2-dev libssl-dev libbz2-dev libcurl4-gnutls-dev libjpeg-dev libpng-dev pkg-config libxslt1-dev libzip-dev libfreetype6-dev libfontconfig1-dev autoconf
sudo groupadd -r php && sudo useradd -r -g php -s /sbin/nologin -d /usr/local/php php
sudo vim /etc/sudoers
php   ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL
cd /home/allen/下载/php-7.3.18/
 
 
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php \--exec-prefix=/usr/local/php --with-fpm-user=php --with-fpm-group=php --enable-zip --with-curl --with-gettext --with-iconv-dir --with-kerberos --with-libdir=lib64 --with-mysqli --with-openssl --with-pdo-mysql --with-pdo-sqlite --with-pear --with-xmlrpc --with-xsl --with-zlib --with-bz2 --with-mhash --enable-bcmath --enable-inline-optimization --enable-mbregex --enable-mbstring --enable-opcache --enable-pcntl --enable-shmop --enable-soap --enable-sockets --enable-sysvsem --enable-sysvshm --enable-xml --enable-fpm --with-freetype-dir --with-gd --with-libxml-dir --with-pcre-regex --enable-libxml --enable-zip --with-png-dir --with-jpeg-dir

有一个错误:

configure: error: freetype-config not found.

解决办法:
据说:https://www.doopsky.com/ops/981.html

这是由于在 Ubuntu 19.04 中 apt-get 安装的 libfreetype6-dev 版本为 2.9.1-3
http://changelogs.ubuntu.com/changelogs/pool/main/f/freetype/freetype_2.9.1-3/changelog
在 changelog 中写到:

The `freetype-config' script is no longer installed by default
(Closes: #871470, #886461). All packages depending on libfreetype6-dev
should use pkg-config to find the relevant CFLAGS and libraries.
freetype-config 被替代成 pkg-config ,新版本使用 pkg-config 管理 CFLAGS 和 库。

所以解决方法如下:
主要的思路就是用pkg-config代替freetype-config。安装pkg-config,我在上面已经安装了

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cat ./configure | grep "freetype-config" -n
34847:   if test -f "$i/bin/freetype-config"; then
34849:    FREETYPE2_CONFIG="$i/bin/freetype-config"
34855:   as_fn_error $? "freetype-config not found." "$LINENO" 5
36568:   if test -f "$i/bin/freetype-config"; then
36570:    FREETYPE2_CONFIG="$i/bin/freetype-config"
36576:   as_fn_error $? "freetype-config not found." "$LINENO" 5
 
sed -i "s/freetype-config/pkg-config/g" ./configure
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cat ./configure | grep "FREETYPE2_CONFIG --cflags" -n
34858:  FREETYPE2_CFLAGS=`$FREETYPE2_CONFIG --cflags`
36579:  FREETYPE2_CFLAGS=`$FREETYPE2_CONFIG --cflags`
 
sed -i "s/FREETYPE2_CONFIG --cflags/FREETYPE2_CONFIG freetype2 --cflags/g" ./configure
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cat ./configure | grep "FREETYPE2_CONFIG --libs" -n
34859:  FREETYPE2_LIBS=`$FREETYPE2_CONFIG --libs`
36580:  FREETYPE2_LIBS=`$FREETYPE2_CONFIG --libs`
 
sed -i "s/FREETYPE2_CONFIG --libs/FREETYPE2_CONFIG freetype2 --libs/g" ./configure
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cat ./ext/gd/config.m4 | grep "freetype-config" -n
188:   if test -f "$i/bin/freetype-config"; then
190:    FREETYPE2_CONFIG="$i/bin/freetype-config"
196:   AC_MSG_ERROR([freetype-config not found.])
 
sed -i "s/freetype-config/pkg-config/g" ./ext/gd/config.m4

重新编译安装就OK

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Thank you for using PHP.
 
make -j 4 && sudo make install
 
sudo cp php.ini-production /usr/local/php/lib/php.ini
 
sudo cp /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf
 
sudo cp /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf.default /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
 
vim /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
listen.mode = 0666
pm.max_children = 128
pm.start_servers = 20
pm.min_spare_servers = 5
pm.max_spare_servers = 35
pm.max_requests = 10000
slowlog = log/$pool.log.slow
rlimit_files = 1024
 
sudo vim /etc/profile.d/php.sh
export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/php/bin/
 
sudo chmod 0777 /etc/profile.d/php.sh && source /etc/profile.d/php.sh
 
sudo cp sapi/fpm/php-fpm.service /etc/systemd/system/php.service

安装xdebug

下载xdebug http://pecl.php.net/get/xdebug-2.9.6.tgz

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cd /home/allen/下载
tar zxf xdebug-2.9.6.tgz
cd xdebug-2.9.6
phpize
./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config
make -j 4 && sudo make install

安装Apcu

下载Apcu http://pecl.php.net/get/apcu-5.1.18.tgz

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cd /home/allen/下载
tar zxf apcu-5.1.18.tgz
cd apcu-5.1.18
phpize
./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config
make -j 4 && sudo make install

编辑PHP.INI

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sudo
vim /usr/local/php/lib/php.ini
 
date.timezone = Asia/Shanghai
expose_php = off
max_execution_time = 0
memory_limit = 4096M
display_errors = On
cgi.fix_pathinfo=0
extension_dir = "/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20180731/"
extension=pgsql
extension=apcu
 
zend_extension=/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20180731/xdebug.so
[xdebug]
xdebug.var_display_max_children=10240
xdebug.var_display_max_data=20480
xdebug.var_display_max_depth=50

启动

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sudo systemctl enable php-fpm
 
sudo chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/local/mariadb
sudo chown -R nginx:nginx /usr/local/nginx
sudo chown -R php:php /usr/local/php
reboot

ubuntu 20.04上搭建LNMP环境的方法步骤

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原文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/xjcallen/article/details/106987381

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